During the last few months I’ve been doing a bit of research into early British text adventures. My focus was games for home computers as other people have documented the early British mainframe games, which have an extensive history prior to any of these titles.
To qualify as a “British adventure”, the games had to be written by British authors and be recognisable as a parser-driven text adventure rather than an RPG game. British adaptations of US games, such as Adventure was fine, but I ignored any mentions of British companies selling imported adventures, such as the Scott Adams games.
I thought I’d share some of the early UK text adventures here, together with links to some of the research and advertising. Sadly, some of the early games are lost. 1981 was the year where text adventures definitely took off in the UK, but there are also a few examples from the previous year.
A potential early British game, from around about July 1980, is Adventure by Games Workshop for the 16K/32K-enabled, disk-based Commodore PET. Released during their first foray into computer games, this title appears to have been a port of the mainframe Adventure, but does not seem to be archived anywhere. http://8bitag.com/info/gw-adventure.html
A game that does survive is Galactic Hitchhiker for the UK101. An “adventure, all in machine code” it seems to parody elements of the Hitchhiker’s Guide and early adverts date from October 1980. Although playable in an emulator, I found it difficult to make much progress in; although I’ve played enough to say it qualifies as a proper parser-driven game. http://8bitag.com/info/galactic.html
They’re my two earliest candidates so far. I did come across other waymarkers as I travelled back in time to identify those, which were quite interesting…
For example, Supersoft’s disk-based game for Commodore PET entitled Catacombs from March 1981, which sadly doesn’t exist either in its original form or the later remastered version for C64 and other computers. http://8bitag.com/info/catacombs.html
The well-known Mysterious Adventures by Brian Howarth from May 1981. Originally published by Molimerx for the TRS-80 they went on to become one of the most republished & ported text adventure game series ever made, making Brian the British equivalent of Scott Adams. http://8bitag.com/info/molimerx.html
The Artic Adventure series from authors such as Charles Cecil; the initial game was probably written towards the end of 1980 but wasn’t released/advertised until August 1981. http://8bitag.com/info/artic.html
A port of Adventure by Syrtis Software from May 1981 for the Nascom 1, which received praise at the time for managing to squeeze the mainframe game into a cassette-based system. http://8bitag.com/info/syrtis-adventure.html
Other interesting games from 1981 include text adventures from Hopesoft who also released one of the earliest British adventure-writing systems. http://8bitag.com/info/hopesoft.html
Going back through all the old magazine adverts is fascinating. I’ve also put together collections of early Level 9 advertising http://8bitag.com/info/early-level-9.html as well as documented the forgotten 16K versions of early Level 9 games http://8bitag.com/info/level-9.html